When two bodies
with curved surfaces are in contact under a force, point or line
contact between these bodies changes to area contact, and 3 dimensional stresses are developed
These stresses are contact stresses. A knowledge of contact stresses is
important in calculating strength of bearings, gear and worm drives, ball
and cylindrical rollers, and cam mechanisms. Typical failures are seen as cracks, pits, or
flaking in the surface material.
contact stress calculator has been designed to calculate contact pressure and contact
stress for spherical and cylindrical contact. Maximum shear stresses are
drawn with respect to the depth from contact surface for Object-1 and Object-2.
The formulas used for the calculations are given in the "List of Equations"
configurations which can be calculated by "Hertzian contact stress calculator" are shown
Note: For more information on contact stresses, spherical contact and cylindrical contact, please refer to Chapter 3.19 (Contact Stresses) of
Shigley's Mechanical Engineering Design
Note: Use dot "." as decimal separator.
Cylindrical contact: The contact of two cylindrical parts where the contact line turns to rectangle area
with the presence of a contact force. The area of contact is a narrow rectangle of width 2b and cylinder length l.
Modulus of elasticity (Young’s
modulus): The rate of change of unit tensile or compressive stress with respect to unit tensile or compressive strain for the condition of uniaxial
stress within the proportional limit. Typical values: Aluminum: 69 GPa, Steel: 200GPa.
Poisson’s ratio: The ratio of lateral unit strain to longitudinal unit strain under the condition
of uniform and uniaxial longitudinal stress within the proportional limit.
Proportional Limit: The largest value of stress up to which a linear relation still exist between
stress and strain (Hooke’s Law).
Spherical contact: The contact
of two spherical parts where contact point turns to a circular area of radius a
under the presence of contact force. A contact pressure pmax is occurred on this
Shear stress: A form of a stress acts parallel to the surface (cross section) which has a cutting nature.
Stress: Average force per unit area which results strain of material.
An additional calculation tool for Contact Calculations of Sphere in Circular Race
has been developed to calculate contact stresses in ball bearings.